A brief history of Lisp

For a 1500-word history of Lisp up to the point of Common Lisp standardization, see section 1.1.2 of the spec. It covers the institutions, projects, people, and influential ideas involved in the creation and evolution of Lisp over the course of several decades, from McCarthy at Dartmouth in the 1950s to the many active branches of Lisp in the 1980s.